To: Clinical psychologists who are assessing, diagnosing, and treating attachment-related pathology surrounding divorce (AB-PA)
Okay, take my hand again and let me walk you through this…
Can the normal-range parenting of the targeted parent create a delusion in the child – a false belief – that the child is being “victimized” by the normal range parenting of the targeted parent? No. Normal-range parenting cannot create a delusion.
Have you ever heard of any case in which a normal-range parent created a persecutory delusion in the child by normal-range parenting? – No. Normal-range parenting cannot create a delusion.
Okay, then we can safely rule-out the targeted parent as the source of this delusional belief evidenced by the child.
A child’s rejection of a parent surrounding divorce is a family therapy issue, not a child custody issue.
Child’s Best Interests
The family’s successful transition to a healthy and functional separated family structure following divorce is always in the child’s best interests.
Divorce ends the marriage, not the family. A cutoff family structure is always pathological. A cutoff family structure is NEVER a healthy post-divorce family.
It is always in the child’s best interests for the family to transition to a healthy and functional separated family structure following divorce.
The courtroom is not the proper venue to solve family pathology. Family pathology cannot be litigated. The resolution of family pathology is the domain of professional psychology.
The legal system therefore turns to professional psychology for consultation on family pathology.
I’m a clinical psychology. Psychotherapy is what I do, and I don’t think I’m being clear enough about this yet:
What the court and all parents want is family systems therapy; either Structural family systems (Minuchin) or Strategic family systems (Haley; Madanes). Bowen has a foundational family systems model (Bowenian family systems therapy; The Bowen Center). Satir has a model strong on family communication dynamics.
A competent family systems therapist is knowledgeable about all of these variations. They all center around the same basic core constructs of Bowen; elaborated by Munichin and Haley.
Family systems therapy is one of the four primary schools of psychotherapy, the others are psychoanalytic psychotherapy (think Freud and his couch), cognitive-behavioral therapy (think lab rats pressing a lever), and humanistic-existential psychotherapy (think hot tub in Esalen).
Family systems therapy is the only school of psychotherapy that is designed to address and solve current family relationship conflict. Family systems therapy is the appropriate form of psychotherapy for addressing and resolving family-related conflict surrounding divorce.
The pathology of a child-rejecting a parent surrounding divorce is called an “emotional cutoff” (Bowen). This is Murray Bowen saying this. Standard family systems construct.
The pathology of an “emotional cutoff” is caused by disturbances in the process of “differentiation” within and among the family members. Read:
This is Bowen. Standard family systems therapy. Disturbances in differentiation within family members can lead to the child’s “triangulation” into the spousal conflict to stabilize a parent’s vulnerability.
The child’s “triangulation” into the spousal conflict can take the form of a “cross-generational coalition” with one parent against the other parent, resulting in an “emotional cutoff” in the child’s relationship with the targeted parent.
Differentiation of self
All standard family systems therapy stuff. Bowen, Minuchin, Haley.
Structural family systems therapy (Minuchin)
Strategic family systems therapy (Haley, Madanes)
Bowenian family systems therapy (Bowen)
Problem 1: Professional psychology is failing to provide the court with the proper professional knowledge and expertise needed to solve attachment-related family pathology surrounding divorce. Instead, mental health persons surrounding the legal system are simply making stuff up willy nilly.
Problem 2: Child custody evaluations.
This is important to understand: There is no scientifically established support for the validity of child custody evaluations.
Child custody evaluations violate every standard of professional practice regarding the development of an assessment procedure. I discuss all of this more fully in:
There are multiple-multiple devastating problems with the practice of child custody evaluations, but I’ll focus here on just one, the most devastating one: No inter-rater reliability.
The conclusions and recommendations reached by child custody evaluations have no inter-rater reliability. What this sentence means is that two different evaluators can reach two entirely different sets of conclusions and recommendations based on exactly the same data.
Well, that’s a problem. According to the axioms of assessment, if an assessment procedure is not reliable (does not produce stable results), then the assessment procedure CANNOT – by definition – be valid. The conclusions and recommendations from child custody evaluations are not valid.
If there is no inter-rater reliability, the conclusions and recommendations of child custody evaluations are simply the opinions of one person, that specific evaluator, perhaps based loosely on some psychological principles, perhaps based on no psychological principles whatsoever, just a matter of the individual opinion of the evaluator.
Don’t believe me? There is a Comment section to this blog. I challenge any mental health professional to cite for me a single study indicating the inter-rater reliability of the conclusions and recommendations reached by child custody evaluations.
The conclusions and recommendations of child custody evaluations are no more valid than a monkey throwing darts at a dart board, and a lot less entertaining – and, I might add, far more expensive. Child custody evaluations are a very lucrative industry for professional psychology surrounding the family courts.
Child custody evaluations are a financial racket, pure and simple. That is a strong professional statement to make, and I am absolutely prepared to back it up anytime, anywhere. If any mental health professional wants to take exception to my statement, cite for me a single study identifying the inter-rater reliability of child custody evaluations. If an assessment procedure is not reliable, it cannot, by axiomatic definition within professional assessment, be valid. Child custody evaluations are a financial racket, pure and simple:
Do child custody evaluations actually do anything to solve the family pathology? No. Of course not. They’re “evaluations” – not “therapy.” For therapy, you’ll need “reunification therapy.”
See, right here in Recommendation 3 of the child custody evaluation, right after Recommendation 2 that custody time-share should remain exactly where it is right now (with the child rejecting one parent), see, a recommendation for “reunification therapy.”
Child custody evaluations don’t actually fix things, they just tell the court to keep things where they are right now (with the child rejecting one parent) and do “reunification therapy.”
It is time for professional competence based in the standard and established constructs and principles of professional psychology.
Family systems therapy: Bowen, Minuchin, Haley.
The finger that points at the moon is not the moon.
Children Are Not Weapons
Family conflict is not solved by litigation. Family conflict is solved through professional psychology.
Divorce ends the marriage; it does not end the family. Where there are children, there will always be a family.
In divorce, the child’s best interests are that the family successfully transitions to a healthy and functional separated family structure, united by bonds of shared affection with both parents. It is the responsibility of professional psychology to ensure that this occurs.
Because it is in the best interests of the child. Our client. The person we work for.
It is up to professional psychology to solve this. For the child. For the family. For the client. For the Court. That’s our job. Professional psychology.
Professional psychology can absolutely 100% solve this, through the application of the standard and established constructs and principles of professional psychology.
There are four domains of knowledge – four data-sets from the constructs and principles of professional psychology – that need to be applied to the problem of family conflict in order to solve it:
The attachment system;
Personality disorder pathology;
Family systems therapy;
With attachment-related family conflict surrounding divorce, we start by applying the data-set from family systems therapy.
Professional psychology can absolutely 100% solve the family issues surrounding divorce and the separated family structure through the application of the proper data sets from professional psychology. It is the responsibility of professional psychology to solve this; that all families transition to a healthy separated family structure following divorce.
Family Therapy Surrounding Divorce
Principle 1: Parents are not allowed to use the child as a weapon. The child is not a weapon.
That is non-negotiable. The child is not a weapon.
For all mental health professionals working with family conflict, if that is NOT currently your orientation to family therapy, it needs to immediately become your orientation to family therapy. The child is not a weapon.
If the child is being “triangulated” into the spousal conflict through the formation of a “cross-generational coalition” with one parent against the other parent that is resulting in an “emotional cutoff” in the child’s relationship with the targeted parent (Bowen; Minuchin; Haley)… then the child is being used as a weapon.
The allied parent is using the child as a weapon. That’s not okay in divorce. You’re not allowed to weaponize the child. That’s not healthy for the child.
And you know what,… Depending on the degree of child-weaponization, the parenting practices of turning the child into a weapon could rise to the level of psychological child abuse; creating severe psychopathology in order to weaponize the child in the spousal conflict is psychological child abuse. Children are not weapons. Ever.
Children have the right to love both parents, and children have the right to receive the love of both parents.
Children have the right to be loved by their grandparents and siblings, by their aunts and uncles and cousins. Children have the right to be loved by friends, and teammates, and teachers, and coaches, and mentors.
Children have the right to be loved. And it is up to professional psychology through family therapy to ensure that. Because that’s in the best interest of the child, and the child is our client.
Professional psychology can solve this. Professional psychology needs to solve this. Because that’s in the best interests of the child, our client.
Professional psychology will need the support of the family court system based on the principle that children are not weapons. The issue that AB-PA knowledgeable professionals, both legal and psychological, will be taking to the Court is that children are not weapons to be used in divorce. Children are neutral; they’re off limits to the spousal conflict.
Children are not weapons.
For professional psychology, here are the professional constructs to apply:
Triangulation – cross-generational coalition – inverted hierarchy – emotional cutoff.
Source – cause – action – result.
The child is being used as a weapon in the post-divorce “spousal” conflict.
This is standard family systems therapy.
Bowen, Minuchin, Haley: triangulation – cross-generational coalition – inverted hierarchy – emotional cutoff.
What is required is professional competence in the constructs and principles of family systems therapy when conducting family therapy.
Professional psychology can absolutely solve this. We will need the support of the Court. Children are not weapons. With that support, professional psychology can absolutely solve this.
Craig Childress, Psy.D.
Clinical Psychologist, PSY 18857